(Worthington) --- Gold. “It 3 will not leave even a root or branch. Neither shall he multiply wives - For this would necessarily lead to foreign alliances, and be the means of introducing the manners and customs of other nations, and their idolatry also. Use this table to get a word-for-word translation of the original Hebrew Scripture. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/hcc/deuteronomy-17.html. Sanhedrin, fol. "Commentary on Deuteronomy 17:17". Explanation of Deuteronomy 17 By Alexander Payne . The kings were forbidden to accumulate money for private purposes. BibliographyHaydock, George Leo. This legislation does not either prohibit or permit other sanctuaries. The hi. That his heart turn not away, to wit, from God and his law; either. Deuteronomy 17:17 Context. For nothing more is related in the history, than that before the time of Solomon the Israelites had not cultivated the rearing of horses, and that David only kept 100 of the war-horses taken from the Syrians for himself, and had the others put to death (2 Samuel 8:4). The Jews generally sayF12Maimon. "Commentary on Deuteronomy 17:17". Deuteronomy 17:17 Neither shall he multiply wives to himself, that his heart turn not away: neither shall he greatly multiply to himself silver and gold. "The 1599 Geneva Study Bible". Neither shall he multiply wives to himself, that his heart turn not away — There were the strongest reasons for recording an express prohibition on this point, founded on the practice of neighboring countries in which polygamy prevailed, and whose kings had numerous harems; besides, the monarch of Israel was to be absolutely independent of the people and had nothing but the divine law to restrain his passions. 27.) They are not simply forbidden to be rich, if God made them so either by the voluntary gifts of their subjects, or by the spoils of their enemies, which was the case of David, and Solomon, and Jehoshaphat, &c.; but they are forbidden either inordinately to desire, or irregularly to procure, great riches by grinding the faces of their poor people, or by other wicked arts and courses, as the manner of their neighbouring kings was. In is point also the law was transgressed (2 Chronicles 1:15) by Solomon, who was imitated by Uzziah (2 Chronicles 26:2). That his heart turn not away — From God and his law, as Solomon’s did. Vast accumulation of treasure could hardly be effected without oppression; nor when effected fail to produce pride and a “trust in uncertain riches” 1 Timothy 6:17. 1999. According to Diod. How different might have been the history of the Israelites if their kings had heeded these directions of Moses! Deuteronomy 17:17. ... would "multiply wives to himself" (Deuteronomy 17:17; see 1 Kings 11:1-8 for its tragic fulfillment). Neither silver nor gold — Lest this should lift up his heart in confidence and pride, which God abhors, and beget in him a contempt of his people. ou <3364> ADV. 1832. And so long as horses were neither reared nor possessed by the Israelites, there can be no ground for speaking of the old repugnance to cavalry. But he shall … That his heart turn not away — From God and his law, as Solomon’s did. Deuteronomy 17:17. To report dead links, typos, or html errors or suggestions about making these resources more useful use our convenient, Neither shall he greatly multiply to himself silver and gold -, John Gill's Exposition of the Whole Bible, Neither shall he multiply wives to himself, that his heart turn not away, Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible, neither shall he greatly multiply silver and gold, Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible. BibliographyGill, John. ; Fausset, A. R.; Brown, David. And he must never own a lot of gold and silver. And it be told thee, and thou hast heard of it, and enquired diligently, and, behold, it be true, and the … Copyright StatementThe New John Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible Modernised and adapted for the computer by Larry Pierce of Online Bible. Joseph Benson's Commentary. Principles Governing Kings - “When you come to the land which the Lord your God is giving you, and possess it and dwell in it, and say, ‘I will set a king over me like all the nations that are around me,’ you shall surely set a king over you whom the Lord your God chooses; one from among your brethren you shall set as king over you; you may not set a foreigner over you, who is not your brother. 15. 1828. Deuteronomy 17:16. "Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged". But neither of these historians says anything at all about Israelitish infantry. This shows the English words related to the source biblical texts along with brief definitions. Neither shall he greatly multiply to himself silver and gold, Neither shall he multiply wives to himself, that his heart, Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament. ; Fausset, A. R.; Brown, David. Here ָרָבה … Neither shall he multiply wives to himself— He shall not indulge himself in a vast number of wives and concubines, especially women of different nations and religions, after the manner of the eastern monarchs. The multiplying horses is also forbidden, lest it should raise too great a correspondence with Egypt, which furnished Canaan with them. ib. Copyright StatementThese files are public domain. Solomon sinned against this precept, and brought ruin on himself and on the land by it; see 1 Kings 11:4. , that he ought not to multiply more than what will pay the stipends or wages of his servants, and only for the treasury of the house of the Lord, and for the necessity of the congregation (or commonwealth), and for their wars; but not for himself, and his own treasury. 1909-1922. Silver and gold.] ut supra. 66), Psammetichus hired soldiers from Arabia, Caria, and Ionia; and according to Herodotus (i. Targum Jon. 1. Neither shall he multiply wives to himself — The Eastern kings had large harems, and it seems appropriate that the lawgiver should in this way admonish the future king of the chosen people. "Whedon's Commentary on the Bible". NASB "this detestable thing" NKJV "that such an abomination" NRSV "an abhorrent thing" TEV "this evil thing" NJB "this hateful thing" This same term (BDB 1072) is used in 17:1, where it refers to a blemished sacrifice. Lest his exactors receive from his subjects no less sums of curses than of coin; and lest he gather money, the sinews of war, but lose the people’s affection, the joints of peace, as our King John did. BibliographyBarnes, Albert. Immense riches are seldom possessed even by kings, without the oppression of their subjects, and great danger of falling into extravagance. BibliographyCoke, Thomas. "Commentary on Deuteronomy 17:17". (Selden, Uxor. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/cal/deuteronomy-17.html. We can't have just laws and justice as long as God's laws are ignored or hated as they are today. If David amassed so much gold, it was destined for the building of the temple. "Commentary on Deuteronomy 17:17". The mischievous effects resulting from the breach of this condition were exemplified in the history of Solomon and other princes, who, by trampling on the restrictive law, corrupted themselves as well as the nation. How Christians Are Supposed To Treat Each Other Contributed by Craig Condon on May 28, 2015 | 2,724 views. To other manifold sins and violations of his duty to his people, either by neglect and contempt of his business, through effeminacy and sloth, or by oppressing his people, and perverting justice, to comply with the vast and exorbitant desires of his wives. A foresight of the development of Israel into national independence, so far as we may attribute it to Moses as a prophet, was founded not upon the character of the people, but upon the divine choice and destination of Israel, which by no means precluded the possibility of their desiring to return to Egypt, even at some future time, since God Himself had threatened the people with dispersion among the heathen as the punishment for continued transgression of His covenant, and yet, notwithstanding this dispersion, had predicted the ultimate realization of His covenant of grace. From the time Solomon turned away from Jehovah, he suffered the consequences of his action. Hebrew, "and his heart turn not away" from the worship of the true God, as it happened to Solomon, and to many other kings, whom Moses seems to have had in view. What does this verse really mean? Deuteronomy 18. "He shall not multiply wives for himself, or else his heart will turn away; nor shall he greatly increase silver and gold for himself. Deuteronomy 17:19 Translation & Meaning. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/pmc/deuteronomy-17.html. 17Neither shall he multiply wives to himself. Go to. "Commentary on Deuteronomy 17:17". eautw <1438> D-DSM. To idolatry and superstition, to which women are ofttimes prone, and especially such women as he was likely to choose, even the daughters of neighbouring and idolatrous kings and princes, as Solomon did; or. Therefore God does not in vain enjoin that they should constantly persevere in their duty, and not lose their understanding. Copyright StatementThese files are public domain and are a derivative of an electronic edition that is available on the Christian Classics Ethereal Library Website. The king of God’s people was not to accumulate for himself. And thus their ignorance is easily refuted who conclude that what was specially interdicted to the kings was permitted to private individuals, whereas the law of chastity was imposed upon the former, because without this remedy there would be no bounds to their lasciviousness. Yet I prefer taking the clause separately, that kings must beware lest the splendor of their dignity should affect the soundness of their judgment, for nothing is more difficult than for one in great power to continue disposed to temperance. (Calmet). ָרָבה can also mean many or increase, like the many gardens of Israel divinely destroyed by blight and mildew (Amos 4:9; NIV reads the proposed emendation הֶחֱרַבְתִּי, “many times I struck”), or the increase that comes from saving money little by little (Proverbs 13:11). https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/mpc/deuteronomy-17.html. "The Adam Clarke Commentary". BibliographyBenson, Joseph. Polygamy at that time had generally prevailed, so that the very humblest of the people violated the marriage vow with impunity; and therefore it was necessary that the kings should be bound with closer restrictions, lest by their example they should give greater countenance to incontinency. Neither shall he multiply wives to himself — As the manner of other kings was, contrary to the design of God from the beginning. Deuteronomy 17:2 If there be found among you, within any of thy gates which the LORD thy God giveth thee, man or woman, that hath wrought wickedness in the sight of the LORD thy God, in transgressing his covenant, … The notion of modern critics, that there is an allusion in this prohibition to the constitution of the kingdom under Solomon, is so far from having any foundation, that the reason assigned - namely, the fear lest the king should lead back the people to Egypt from his love of horses, "to the end that he should multiply horses" - really precludes the time of Solomon, inasmuch as the time had then long gone by when any thought could have been entertained of leading back the people to Egypt. BibliographyWesley, John. And assuredly it can scarcely fail to happen, that when many wives beset a man, they must render his mind effeminate, and stifle in him all his manly good sense. An ox, from mutilation, was inadmissible. 1859. Copyright StatementThese files are a derivative of an electronic edition prepared from text scanned by Woodside Bible Fellowship.This expanded edition of the Jameison-Faussett-Brown Commentary is in the public domain and may be freely used and distributed. This rule, like the others, abridges to the ruler of Israel liberties usually enjoyed without stint by the kings of the East. Deuteronomy 17:17 German Bible Alphabetical: accumulate amounts and astray away be else for gold greatly He heart himself his increase large led many multiply must nor not of or shall silver take turn will wives 1 Kings 11:1-3. Deuteronomy 17:17. 2. 1874-1909. ... depicts, this could lead to expulsion from the land, as … Deuteronomy 17:1 Thou shalt not sacrifice unto the LORD thy God any bullock, or sheep, wherein is blemish, or any evilfavouredness: for that is an abomination unto the LORD thy God. 21. Don’t acquire many wives. 1. Deuteronomy 12:2 "Ye shall utterly destroy all the places, wherein the nations which ye shall possess served their gods, upon the high mountains, and upon the hills, and under every green tree:" ... “The place” is opposite in meaning to the places (of verse 2), where the Canaanites worshipped. Sanhedrin, fol. But the latter had moreover 60 concubines, (2 Paralipomenon xi. That his heart turn not away — From God and his law, as Solomon’s did. And even if it were conceivable that any king of Israel or Judah could carry on such traffic in men, as to sell his own subjects to the Egyptians for horses, it is very certain that the prophets, who condemned every alliance with foreign kings, and were not silent with regard to Manasseh's idolatry, would not have passed over such an abomination as this without remark or without reproof.). 17. 17. "Commentary on Deuteronomy 17:17". (St. Augustine, q. But such a reason would be quite in its place in Moses' time, and only then, "when it would not seem impossible to reunite the broken band, and when the people were ready to express their longing, and even their intention, to return to Egypt on the very slightest occasion; whereas the reason assigned for the prohibition might have furnished Solomon with an excuse for regarding the prohibition itself as merely a temporary one, which was no longer binding" (Oehler in Herzog's Cyclopaedia: vid., Hengstenberg's Dissertations). https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jtc/deuteronomy-17.html. Deuteronomy 17:17 Translation & Meaning. 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