The corn plant (Dracaena fragrans) is an oldie but goodie in the houseplant industry. The plant is known as "බෝතල් ගස් - bothal gas" (meaning "bottle tree") in Sinhala, in Sri Lanka. Dracaena fragrans is one of the most popular houseplants throughout the world. You need to keep this plant away from direct sunlight, as it can do a lot of damage within a fairly short amount of time. Dust the leaves of the plant regularly with a damp cloth to keep it looking its best and to disrupt the environment for pests. Watering Don't be discouraged if it takes some time for new cuttings to root. Although moderate natural lighting is ideal, it is tolerant of low light conditions. Hardy in USDA Zones 10 to 12, corn plants can take light shade or indirect sunlight. Too little light will result in the leaves losing their stripes, and it can cause the plant's growth to become stunted. ", The Spruce uses cookies to provide you with a great user experience. Dracaena Fragrans is an evergreen ornamental deciduous plant with a long, sometimes branched stem. Avoid cutting your stem if you want a full, wild appearance. The mass cane plant has a leafy crown of long, sword-shaped, arching leaves. Other popular cultivars include 'Janet Craig', 'Lemon Lime', and 'Warneckei' ('Warneckii'), which are often sold under the synonym D. It is inexpensive compared to other houseplants, and the least expensive of the dracaena varieties. The striped yellow and green leaves bring a lot of softness to any corner of a room. Springtime is ideal for starting new plants, though you can typically pot nursery plants indoors at any time of year. This is one of the best house plants for removing indoor air toxins such as formaldehyde, ammonia, xylene and toluene. Stems can reach up to 30 cm (12 inches) in diameter on mature plants. Dracaena fragrans NC State University and N.C. A&T State University work in tandem, along with federal, state and local governments, to form a strategic partnership called N.C. I have a Dracaena fragrans (corn plant) which is dying. This encourages new branches to grow near the new top of the stem. Take a cutting that's at least a few inches long, and push its end into warm, moist soil. The fruit is an orange-red berry 1–2 cm (0.39–0.79 in) diameter, containing several seeds. Genus Dracaena are evergreen trees, the few branches bearing linear to lance-shaped leaves often crowded towards the tips; on mature plants, small greenish-white flowers … Dracaena Care Tips. Growing in low light or bright light, the Dracaena fragrans produces glossy green foliage. The mature specimens reach15 m (50 feet) or more, with a crown of slender upright branches and large leaves. [1][3], In Africa, D. fragrans is commonly grown as a hedge plant. In addition to brown leaf tips from fluoridated water, temperature fluctuations, inadequate watering, and calcium deficiency all can cause leaf discoloration. By using The Spruce, you accept our, How to Grow and Care for Chinese Money Plant, How to Grow and Care for the Yesterday-Today-and-Tomorrow Plants, How to Grow and Care for String of Dolphins. However, the soil should never be allowed to dry out fully. Height: 2-4 feet. Enjoy the videos and music you love, upload original content, and share it all with friends, family, and the world on YouTube. Corn plant grows easily with the right light, water, fertilizer and an occasional pest inspection. Under natural conditions, this type of dracaena grows up to 6 m, and when kept as a houseplant - no higher than 1-2 m. ✔ We Released The Dracaena HandBook CLICK HERE TO LEARN MORE >> Learn tips for creating your most beautiful (and bountiful) garden ever. [1][2], Dracaena fragrans is a slow growing shrub, usually multistemmed at the base, mature specimens reaching 15 m (49 ft) or more tall with a narrow crown of usually slender erect branches. Baza Mendonça, Luciana & dos Anjos, Luiz. Depending on the variety, D. fragrans may have solid green or variegated leaves and mature at 15 to 50 feet high. New growth, typically being two or three shoots, comes from old foliar scars at the top of the stem. Also, try to maintain humidity levels between 40 percent and 50 percent, which mimics the plant's native conditions. Corn Plant Care & Growing Guide 1. Keep the soil evenly moist but not soggy during the growing season (spring to fall), and then reduce watering in the late fall to winter. [Portuguese with English abstract], MacDonald, Elvin "The World Book of House Plants" pp.238 Popular Books, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Dracaena_fragrans&oldid=978004396, Taxonbars with automatically added basionyms, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 12 September 2020, at 08:36. Beija-flores (Aves, Trochilidae) e seus recursos florais em uma área urbana do Sul do Brasil [Hummingbirds (Aves, Trochilidae) and their flowers in an urban area of southern Brazil]. Europeans have been using these tropical African evergreens as indoor plants since the mid-1800s, and they’ve been popular in the United States since the early 20th century. Soil that is too dry can cause brown leaf tips on the plant. Thus, it's best to water with distilled water to avoid leaf tip burn, stunted growth, and even plant death. They tolerate lower light and feature attractive foliage that reportedly helps clean the air. (2005). The corn plant (Dracaena fragrans) is an oldie but goodie in the houseplant industry. [1] It is suited to frost-free climates and USDA Hardiness zones 10-11. Also called mass cane, this slow-growing plant is easy to care for and adapts well to a variety of conditions. The origin of the Dracaena is Africa, Central America and Asia. deremensis. Dracaena massangeana grows slowly, so it can fit in a particular space for a long time without requiring much mai… The plant tends to drop its lower leaves, exposing its stem as it ages. The roots don't like to sit in water, so make sure the soil has good drainage. Distribution and habitat:Dracaena fragrans is a flowering plant species that is native throughout tropical Africa,  growing in upland regions at 600–2,250m (2,000–7,380 feet) altitude. You can bring your corn plant outside during the summer, as long as you place the pot in a sheltered, somewhat shady location. Dracaena Fragrans is a slow-growing tree-like houseplant. If you keep your plant inside in front of a western-facing window, it should have curtains or blinds to filter the light. Then, fill the space around it with fresh potting soil, but don't pack it too tightly to ensure that the container maintains good drainage. There are several different types of dracaena houseplants. The Dracaena fragrans 'Massangeana' plant, also known as the corn plant, is made up of shiny green leaves that have a yellow streak running down the center of the leaves. I originally purchased it just over a year ago, when a similar plant I had (Yucca elephantisis) died in a similar manner.Basically, what happens is that the new growth on the cane starts to turn brown and dry out from the bottom upward. You can also root cane pieces directly by pushing them into soil and keeping them upright. Young plants have a single unbranched stem with a rosette of leaves until the growing tip flowers or is damaged, after which it branches, producing two or more new stems; thereafter, branching increases with subsequent flowering episodes. This gives them a similar appearance to a palm tree, which is why they’re sometimes referred to as “false palms.” They make good houseplants because they are tall and narrow, typically only reaching around 4 to 6 feet high in containers, and they can withstand a fairly significant amount of abuse from casual indoor gardeners. Dracaena fragrans 'Massangeana' (Makoy ex Ed.Morren, Belgique Horticole 31: 327, t.16 (1881)). But you may experience problems with dracaena plants from time to time. Propagating corn plants is an inexact science, and even experienced gardeners can have trouble with it. Moreover, like other dracaena species, corn plants are sensitive to fluoride and boron, which can be found in tap water. Corn plant (Dracaena fragrans), is usually grown as a foliage houseplant, although it also grows outdoors in the warm climates of U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 10 through 12 in shady locations. Name – Dracaena fragrans ‘massangeana’ Family – Agavaceae Type – indoor plant Height – 3 to 6 ½ feet (1 to 2 meters) Exposure – very well-lit, even full sun Dracaena fragrans massangeana or Dracaena massangeana is commonly referred to as mass cane or corn plant, and is widely used indoors. The NASA Clean Air Study indicated that the plant aided removal of indoor pollutants such as formaldehyde, xylene, and toluene. Introducing "One Thing": A New Video Series, Corn plant, cornstalk dracaena, happy plant, false palm, fragrant dracaena. Dracaena fragrans (cornstalk dracaena), is a flowering plant species that is native throughout tropical Africa, from Sudan south to Mozambique, west to Côte d'Ivoire and southwest to Angola, growing in upland regions at 600–2,250 m (1,970–7,380 ft) altitude. Corn plants do best in bright indoor locations that are protected from direct sunlight, drafts, and airflow from air-conditioning and heating vents. Botanical Name: Dracaena surculosa. Dracaena fragrans (cornstalk dracaena), is a flowering plant species that is native throughout tropical Africa, from Sudan south to Mozambique, west to Côte d'Ivoire and southwest to Angola, growing in upland regions at 600–2,250 m (1,970–7,380 ft) altitude. Corn plants do best in temperatures around 60 to 75 degrees Fahrenheit. 3. BTW, Draceana fragrans has a much more extensive synonymy than just Aletris fragrans L. See the reference below. Dracaena massangeana belongs to the dragon plant family, and its complete scientific name, D. fragrans, hints to its rare amazingly scented blooming. This very popular houseplant often goes by the name Corn Plant, or by its official Latin name of Dracaena fragrans (impossible to say without sounding French! Outdoors, this African native grows 20 feet tall or more, but if you keep it in a pot indoors, it will stay around 4 to 6 feet tall. It is so widely spread that you have surely seen it at least once at someone’s house. Europeans have been using these tropical African evergreens as indoor plants since the mid-1800s, and they’ve been popular in the United States since the early 20th century. Dracaena fragrans plants are widely used as indoor plants. Outdoors, the plant does best in part shade. [3], The cultivars 'Lemon Lime',[7] ‘Massangeana’,[8] and 'Warneckei'[9] bear the Royal Horticultural Society's Award of Garden Merit.[10]. Dracaenas are palm-like trees and shrubs that are often grown as houseplants. The Dracaena Corn Plant is a slow growing, sometimes flowering, shrub which is wildly popular as a houseplant. To repot this plant, remove the loose soil around it, carefully lift the plant from its base, and place it in its new container, making sure not to damage its roots in the process. Narrow and arching, the shiny leaves are striped with golden-yellow down their center. Indoor Corn Plant Care. It is a tree-like plant with sword-shaped leaves which is native to tropical Africa: Sudan, Mozambique, Côte d'Ivoire and Angola. The houseplant requires little maintenance, can be in partial shade and is therefore very suitable for offices. For this reason, many people grow Dracaena fragrans massangeana specifically: like normal Dracaena fragrans, Massangeana varieties need the same level of general plant care. The scientific name for the corn plant is Dracaena fragrans, which is the true corn plant in its native and original form, with solid dark green leaves. It is a beautiful, small and … Dracaena fragrans, commonly known as corn plant, is a popular, durable, easy-to-grow indoor houseplant that is native to tropical Africa. Corn plant (Dracaena fragrans), also known as false palm, gets its scientific name from the Greek word for female dragon, an homage to the red sap contained in its stems. [3] It is also very tolerant of neglect. It's good for you too, because it naturally cleans the air. In addition, if the plant grows too tall for your space, you can cut the tops of the canes. Dracaenas are usually tough, carefree houseplants. The corn plant is a popular ornamental houseplant because it thrives in most indoor environments. [1][3], The leaves are glossy green, lanceolate, 20–150 cm (7.9–59.1 in) long and 2–12 cm (0.79–4.72 in) wide; small leaves are erect to spreading, and larger leaves usually drooping under their weight. New leaf buds will break out near the cut. Dracaena fragrans, or corn plant. The Dracaena fragrans —also named the corn plant—is a flowering plant species native to Africa. [1][2] Other English names include striped dracaena (for variegated cultivars), corn plant (for the cultivar 'Massangeana';[3]), Chinese money tree, and fortune plant.[11]. Corn plants root readily from stem cuttings. [6], Several cultivars have variegated foliage. It doesn’t normally flower indoors. It is the most widely grown variegated cultivar of Dracaena fragrans (L.) Ker Gawler. Use a balanced liquid fertilizer roughly every month throughout the growing season, and feed sparingly or not at all over the winter. If you want a small, round dracaena plant, use your pruning shears to cut off just the top of the stem. Rooting hormone can help in this process. If you need to raise the humidity, place the pot on a tray of water and pebbles, not allowing the bottom of the pot to touch the water, and mist the plant leaves regularly. The mass cane plant, also known as corn plant or Dracaena massangeana, is a popular upright evergreen houseplant in the genus Dracaena.This tropical tree-like flowering plant is a cultivar of Dracaena fragrans species, hence its full scientific name is Dracaena fragrans ‘massangeana’.. Elsewhere, it is primarily popular as a houseplant and valued for its tolerance of a wide range of indoor conditions from full light to low light. Make sure it is protected from strong winds. There are a few dracaena fragrans varieties that display different types of leaves such as the massangeana, lindenii and victoria. Also, the genus Dracaena is presently Growing dracaena fragrans gives the feeling of being in a corn field. Cooperative Extension, which staffs local offices in all 100 counties and with the Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians. [4] The plant is known as "masale" to the Chagga people of Tanzania, who regard it as holy. Corn plants grow fairly slowly from one or more thick canes (stems) that produce long, narrow leaves (like those of corn) toward the top. Light Requirement. Dracaena Fragrans Massangeana, also known as Mass Cane or Corn Plant, has stalky stems and broad green leaves and central yellow stripes running through them. Stems may reach up to 30 cm (12 in) diameter on old plants; in forest habitats they may become horizontal with erect side branches. The plants are also adaptable to many spaces; they can reach anywhere from 2 to 10 feet high, and are just about 2 feet wide. The plant derives its common name from its resemblance to the domesticated maize plant. Florida Beauty. The botanical name of this hardy dracaena is Dracaena fragrans “Massangeana”. Unlike the regular plants, Dracaena fragrans massangeana has a lime-green stripe on the leaves, setting it apart from the regular corn plant leaves. Dracaena massangeana key facts. Flora is a dracaena fragrans (nickname corn plant), like all dracaenas, they are tolerant of lower light, missed waterings, and some general neglect.This dracaena is especially popular because of its long, graceful, green leaves that have a yellow and light green stripe running down the center. It is not too hard to … Dracaena fragrans is propagated by cutting segments of old stems 10–20 cm (3.9–7.9 in) long, drying them, and then inserting them into moist sand until they root. Dracaena fragrans, commonly known as corn plant, is a popular, durable, easy-to-grow indoor houseplant that is native to tropical Africa. Home gardeners usually grow corn plants as large potted plants, rather than in garden soil. Avoid keeping them in temperatures below 50 degrees. 'Massangeana', also commonly denominated "Mass Cane", has a bright yellow central stripe on the foliage. The Dracaena is also called the Dragon Blood Tree and is an easy to care for houseplant. Dracaena Corn Plant The dracaena corn plant (botanical name: dracaena fragrans massangeana) is a well known indoor plant which is grown in many homes and offices within the US, UK and Europe. Synonyms include Aletris fragrans L. (basionym), Cordyline fragrans (L.) Planch., Pleomele fragrans (L.) Salisb., Sansevieria fragrans (L.) Jacq., Dracaena deremensis Engl., Dracaena smithii Hook.f., and Dracaena ugandensis Baker. 'Compacta' is more compact and suitable for indoor cultivation. The species name refers to the fragrant flowers, while the English name derives from a perceived resemblance of the stem to a corn (Zea mays) stalk. Once they become unsightly, you can prune them off. Also, maintaining high humidity levels indoors is critical for the plants. For those who are lucky enough, the corn plant may even produce clusters of fragrant white flowers, though this … The flowers are produced in panicles 15–160 cm (5.9–63.0 in) long, the individual flowers are 2.5 cm (0.98 in) diameter, with a six-lobed corolla, pink at first, opening white with a fine red or purple central line on each of the 7–12 mm (0.28–0.47 in) lobes; they are highly fragrant, and popular with pollinating insects. The Dracaena, more commonly known as the corn plant, the dragon tree or the ribbon plant, is a genus of houseplants. The lower leaves on the plant will begin to yellow after around two to three years, which is roughly their natural lifespan. It typically consists of several thick stems that grow from the same root system. Mass cane is characterized by its thick, woody canes and long strap-like leaves. In terms of lighting, the ideal location for this plant indoors is near a window with filtered sunlight. Dracaena Fragrans Dorado Origin. Also, watch out for spider mites, thrips, and scale, which can be a problem with many houseplants. You should bring the plant back inside well before temperatures fall below 50 degrees Fahrenheit. Dracaena species generally thrive with little light, making them ideal for relatively dim interiors. In the middle of each leaf there is a broad yellow stripe (sometimes it can be creamy). Repot your corn plant every year or two into a larger container with fresh potting soil. The image above is a lithography from 1880 showing the plant in all its glory. A loose, loamy potting soil mix is the best option for growing corn plants. Botanical Name: Dracaena fragrans 'Massangeana' Corn plant care is easy, making it an ideal house plant. They come in many shapes, heights and varieties, but many have strappy sword-shaped leaves and are evergreens. ), it may also be known as Dracaena massangeana. There are several varieties of corn plants that range in appearance, including: Jon VanZile is a Master Gardener and the author of "Houseplants for a Healthy Home. But direct sun can burn the plant and cause it to wilt. Corn plants prefer organically rich soil. With these pests, the leaves can start to look damaged and unhealthy, and you might even notice small bugs moving on the plant. Highly popular, Dracaena fragrans 'Massangeana' (Corn Plant) is a strongly upright, evergreen shrub with a stout tan stem topped by a rosette of long, sword-shaped leaves. [5], In cultivation in the Neotropics, a few generalist hummingbird species like the sapphire-spangled emerald (Amazilia lactea) visit the flowers. It is commonly known as corn plant, because of its interesting foliage that resembles corn leaves. 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Popular, durable, easy-to-grow indoor houseplant that is native to tropical Africa use pruning., shrub which is wildly popular as a houseplant corn plant, is a genus houseplants!